residuo nulo

English-Spanish mathematics dictionary. . 1964.

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  • Quadratic residue — In number theory, an integer q is called a quadratic residue modulo n if it is congruent to a perfect square modulo n; i.e., if there exists an integer x such that: Otherwise, q is called a quadratic nonresidue modulo n. Originally an abstract… …   Wikipedia

  • Quadratic reciprocity — The law of quadratic reciprocity is a theorem from modular arithmetic, a branch of number theory, which shows a remarkable relationship between the solvability of certain quadratic equations modulo different prime moduli.Although it allows us to… …   Wikipedia

  • Cubic reciprocity — is a collection of theorems in elementary and algebraic number theory that state conditions under which the congruence x3 ≡ p (mod q) is solvable; the word reciprocity comes from the form of the main theorem, which states that …   Wikipedia

  • Legendre symbol — The Legendre symbol or quadratic character is a function introduced by Adrien Marie Legendre in 1798 [A. M. Legendre Essai sur la theorie des nombres Paris 1798, p 186] during his partly successful attempt to prove the law of quadratic… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacobi symbol — The Jacobi symbol is a generalization of the Legendre symbol introduced by Jacobi in 1837 [C.G.J.Jacobi Uber die Kreisteilung und ihre Anwendung auf die Zahlentheorie , Bericht Ak. Wiss. Berlin (1837) pp 127 136] . It is of theoretical interest… …   Wikipedia

  • Fermat number — In mathematics, a Fermat number, named after Pierre de Fermat who first studied them, is a positive integer of the form:F {n} = 2^{2^{ overset{n} {} + 1where n is a nonnegative integer. The first nine Fermat numbers are OEIS|id=A000215:As of|2008 …   Wikipedia

  • Dirichlet's theorem on arithmetic progressions — In number theory, Dirichlet s theorem, also called the Dirichlet prime number theorem, states that for any two positive coprime integers a and d, there are infinitely many primes of the form a + nd, where n ≥ 0. In other… …   Wikipedia

  • Zero-knowledge proof — In cryptography, a zero knowledge proof or zero knowledge protocol is an interactive method for one party to prove to another that a (usually mathematical) statement is true, without revealing anything other than the veracity of the statement.A… …   Wikipedia

  • Character sum — In mathematics, a character sum is a sum of values of a Dirichlet character χ modulo N, taken over a given range of values of n. Such sums are basic in a number of questions, for example in the distribution of quadratic residues, and in… …   Wikipedia

  • Paley graph — infobox graph name = Paley graph image caption = The Paley graph of order 13 namesake = Raymond Paley vertices = edges = chromatic number = chromatic index = properties = Strongly regularIn mathematics, and specifically graph theory, Paley graphs …   Wikipedia

  • Smith–Minkowski–Siegel mass formula — In mathematics, the Smith–Minkowski–Siegel mass formula (or Minkowski–Siegel mass formula) is a formula for the sum of the weights of the lattices (quadratic forms) in a genus, weighted by the reciprocals of the orders of their automorphism… …   Wikipedia

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